Mathematical Structures: Normed vector spaces

# Normed vector spaces

Difference (from prior major revision) (no other diffs)

Changed: 131c131
 \href{Metric_spaces.pdf}{Metric spaces} supervariety
 \href{Metric_spaces.pdf}{Metric spaces} reduced type

Changed: 133c133
 \href{Vector_spaces.pdf}{Vector spaces} subreduct
 \href{Vector_spaces.pdf}{Vector spaces} reduced type

http://mathcs.chapman.edu/structuresold/files/Normed_vector_spaces.pdf
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\newtheorem{definition}{Definition}
\newtheorem*{morphisms}{Morphisms}
\newtheorem*{basic_results}{Basic Results}
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\newtheorem*{finite_members}{Finite Members}
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\begin{document}
\textbf{\Large Normed vector spaces}

\abbreviation{NFVec}

\begin{definition}
A \emph{normed vector space} is a structure $\mathbf{A}=\langle V,+,-,\mathbf 0,s_r(r\in F),||\cdot||\rangle$ over an \href{Ordered fields.pdf}{ordered field} $\mathbf F=\langle F,+,-,0,\cdot,1,\le\rangle$ such that

$\langle V,+,-,0,s_r(r\in F)\rangle$ is a \href{Vector_spaces}{vector space} over $\mathbf F$

$||\cdot||:V\to [0,\infty)$ is a \emph{norm}:  $||x||=0\iff x=\mathbf 0$

$||rx||=|r|\cdot||x||$

$||x+y|| \le ||x||+||y||$

Remark: $rx=s_r(x)$ is the scaler product, and $|r|=\begin{cases}r&\text{ if }r\ge 0\\-r&\text{ if }r<0\end{cases}$

This is a template.

It is not unusual to give several (equivalent) definitions. Ideally, one of the definitions would give an irredundant axiomatization that does not refer to other classes.
\end{definition}

\begin{morphisms}
Let $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{B}$ be normed vector spaces. A morphism from $\mathbf{A}$ to $\mathbf{B}$ is a function $h:A\rightarrow B$ that is a
norm-nonincreasing homomorphism:
$h(x + y)=h(x) + h(y)$,
$h(rx)=rh(x)$,
$||h(x)||\le||x||$.
\end{morphisms}

\begin{definition}
An \emph{...} is a structure $\mathbf{A}=\langle A,...\rangle$ of type $\langle ...\rangle$ such that

$...$ is ...:  $axiom$

$...$ is ...:  $axiom$
\end{definition}

\begin{basic_results}
\end{basic_results}

\begin{examples}
\begin{example}
\end{example}
\end{examples}

\begin{table}[h]
\begin{properties} (\href{http://math.chapman.edu/cgi-bin/structures?Properties}{description})

Feel free to add or delete properties from this list. The list below may contain properties that are not relevant to the class that is being described.

\begin{tabular}{|ll|}\hline
Classtype                       & (value, see description) \cite{Lastname19xx} \\\hline
Equational theory               & \\\hline
Quasiequational theory          & \\\hline
First-order theory              & \\\hline
Locally finite                  & \\\hline
Residual size                   & \\\hline
Congruence distributive         & \\\hline
Congruence modular              & \\\hline
Congruence $n$-permutable       & \\\hline
Congruence regular              & \\\hline
Congruence uniform              & \\\hline
Congruence extension property   & \\\hline
Definable principal congruences & \\\hline
Equationally def. pr. cong.     & \\\hline
Amalgamation property           & \\\hline
Strong amalgamation property    & \\\hline
Epimorphisms are surjective     & \\\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{properties}
\end{table}

\begin{finite_members} $f(n)=$ number of members of size $n$.

$\begin{array}{lr} f(1)= &1\\ f(2)= &\\ f(3)= &\\ f(4)= &\\ f(5)= &\\ \end{array}$\qquad
$\begin{array}{lr} f(6)= &\\ f(7)= &\\ f(8)= &\\ f(9)= &\\ f(10)= &\\ \end{array}$

\end{finite_members}

\begin{subclasses}\

\href{Banach_spaces.pdf}{Banach spaces}

\end{subclasses}

\begin{superclasses}\

\href{Metric_spaces.pdf}{Metric spaces} reduced type

\href{Vector_spaces.pdf}{Vector spaces} reduced type

\end{superclasses}

\begin{thebibliography}{10}

\bibitem{Lastname19xx}
F. Lastname, \emph{Title}, Journal, \textbf{1}, 23--45 \href{http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=12a:08034}{MRreview}

\end{thebibliography}

\end{document}
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