Mathematical Structures: Semirings with zero

# Semirings with zero

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 %%run pdflatex % \documentclass[12pt]{amsart} \usepackage[pdfpagemode=Fullscreen,pdfstartview=FitBH]{hyperref} \parindent=0pt \parskip=5pt \addtolength{\oddsidemargin}{-.5in} \addtolength{\evensidemargin}{-.5in} \addtolength{\textwidth}{1in} \theoremstyle{definition} \newtheorem{definition}{Definition} \newtheorem*{morphisms}{Morphisms} \newtheorem*{basic_results}{Basic Results} \newtheorem*{examples}{Examples} \newtheorem{example}{} \newtheorem*{properties}{Properties} \newtheorem*{finite_members}{Finite Members} \newtheorem*{subclasses}{Subclasses} \newtheorem*{superclasses}{Superclasses} \newcommand{\abbreviation}[1]{\textbf{Abbreviation: #1}} \pagestyle{myheadings}\thispagestyle{myheadings} \markboth{\today}{math.chapman.edu/structures} \begin{document} \textbf{\Large Semirings with zero} \quad\href{http://math.chapman.edu/cgi-bin/structures?action=edit;id=Semirings_with_zero}{edit} \abbreviation{SRng$_0$} \begin{definition} A \emph{semiring with zero} is a structure $\mathbf{S}=\langle S,+,0,\cdot \rangle$ of type $\left\langle 2,0,2\right\rangle$ such that $\langle S,+,0\rangle$ is a \href{Commutative_monoids.pdf}{commutative monoids} $\langle S,\cdot\rangle$ is a \href{Semigroups.pdf}{semigroups} $0$ is a zero for $\cdot$: $0\cdot x=0$, $x\cdot 0=0$ $\cdot$ distributes over $+$: $x\cdot(y+z)=x\cdot y+x\cdot z$, $(y+z)\cdot x=y\cdot x+z\cdot x$ \end{definition} \begin{morphisms} Let $\mathbf{S}$ and $\mathbf{T}$ be semirings with zero. A morphism from $\mathbf{S}$ to $\mathbf{T}$ is a function $h:S\rightarrow T$ that is a homomorphism: $h(x+y)=h(x)+h(y)$, $h(x\cdot y)=h(x)\cdot h(y)$, $h(0)=0$ \end{morphisms} \begin{basic_results} \end{basic_results} \begin{examples} \begin{example} \end{example} \end{examples} \begin{table}[h] \begin{properties} (\href{http://math.chapman.edu/cgi-bin/structures?Properties}{description}) \begin{tabular}{|ll|}\hline Classtype & variety\\\hline Equational theory & decidable\\\hline Quasiequational theory & \\\hline First-order theory & undecidable\\\hline Locally finite & no\\\hline Residual size & unbounded\\\hline Congruence distributive & no\\\hline Congruence modular & no\\\hline Congruence n-permutable & \\\hline Congruence regular & \\\hline Congruence uniform & \\\hline Congruence extension property & \\\hline Definable principal congruences & \\\hline Equationally def. pr. cong. & \\\hline Amalgamation property & \\\hline Strong amalgamation property & \\\hline Epimorphisms are surjective & \\\hline \end{tabular} \end{properties} \end{table} \begin{finite_members} $f(n)=$ number of members of size $n$. $\begin{array}{lr} f(1)= &1\\ f(2)= &1\\ f(3)= &\\ f(4)= &\\ f(5)= &\\ f(6)= &\\ \end{array}$ \end{finite_members} \hyperbaseurl{http://math.chapman.edu/structures/files/} \parskip0pt \begin{subclasses}\ \href{Idempotent_semirings_with_zero.pdf}{Idempotent semirings with zero} \end{subclasses} \begin{superclasses}\ \href{Semirings.pdf}{Semirings} \end{superclasses} \begin{thebibliography}{10} \bibitem{Ln19xx} \end{thebibliography} \end{document} %
 %%run pdflatex % \documentclass[12pt]{amsart} \usepackage[pdfpagemode=Fullscreen,pdfstartview=FitBH]{hyperref} \parindent=0pt \parskip=5pt \addtolength{\oddsidemargin}{-.5in} \addtolength{\evensidemargin}{-.5in} \addtolength{\textwidth}{1in} \theoremstyle{definition} \newtheorem{definition}{Definition} \newtheorem*{morphisms}{Morphisms} \newtheorem*{basic_results}{Basic Results} \newtheorem*{examples}{Examples} \newtheorem{example}{} \newtheorem*{properties}{Properties} \newtheorem*{finite_members}{Finite Members} \newtheorem*{subclasses}{Subclasses} \newtheorem*{superclasses}{Superclasses} \newcommand{\abbreviation}[1]{\textbf{Abbreviation: #1}} \pagestyle{myheadings}\thispagestyle{myheadings} \markboth{\today}{math.chapman.edu/structures} \begin{document} \textbf{\Large Semirings with zero} \quad\href{http://math.chapman.edu/cgi-bin/structures?action=edit;id=Semirings_with_zero}{edit} \abbreviation{SRng$_0$} \begin{definition} A \emph{semiring with zero} is a structure $\mathbf{S}=\langle S,+,0,\cdot \rangle$ of type $\left\langle 2,0,2\right\rangle$ such that $\langle S,+,0\rangle$ is a \href{Commutative_monoids.pdf}{commutative monoids} $\langle S,\cdot\rangle$ is a \href{Semigroups.pdf}{semigroups} $0$ is a zero for $\cdot$: $0\cdot x=0$, $x\cdot 0=0$ $\cdot$ distributes over $+$: $x\cdot(y+z)=x\cdot y+x\cdot z$, $(y+z)\cdot x=y\cdot x+z\cdot x$ \end{definition} \begin{morphisms} Let $\mathbf{S}$ and $\mathbf{T}$ be semirings with zero. A morphism from $\mathbf{S}$ to $\mathbf{T}$ is a function $h:S\rightarrow T$ that is a homomorphism: $h(x+y)=h(x)+h(y)$, $h(x\cdot y)=h(x)\cdot h(y)$, $h(0)=0$ \end{morphisms} \begin{basic_results} \end{basic_results} \begin{examples} \begin{example} \end{example} \end{examples} \begin{table}[h] \begin{properties} (\href{http://math.chapman.edu/cgi-bin/structures?Properties}{description}) \begin{tabular}{|ll|}\hline Classtype & variety\\\hline Equational theory & decidable\\\hline Quasiequational theory & \\\hline First-order theory & undecidable\\\hline Locally finite & no\\\hline Residual size & unbounded\\\hline Congruence distributive & no\\\hline Congruence modular & no\\\hline Congruence n-permutable & \\\hline Congruence regular & \\\hline Congruence uniform & \\\hline Congruence extension property & \\\hline Definable principal congruences & \\\hline Equationally def. pr. cong. & \\\hline Amalgamation property & \\\hline Strong amalgamation property & \\\hline Epimorphisms are surjective & \\\hline \end{tabular} \end{properties} \end{table} \begin{finite_members} $f(n)=$ number of members of size $n$. $\begin{array}{lr} f(1)= &1\\ f(2)= &1\\ f(3)= &\\ f(4)= &\\ f(5)= &\\ f(6)= &\\ \end{array}$ \end{finite_members} \hyperbaseurl{http://math.chapman.edu/structures/files/} \parskip0pt \begin{subclasses}\ \href{Idempotent_semirings_with_zero.pdf}{Idempotent semirings with zero} \end{subclasses} \begin{superclasses}\ \href{Semirings.pdf}{Semirings} \end{superclasses} \begin{thebibliography}{10} \bibitem{Ln19xx} \end{thebibliography} \end{document} %

http://mathcs.chapman.edu/structuresold/files/Semirings_with_zero.pdf
%%run pdflatex

%


\documentclass[12pt]{amsart}
\usepackage[pdfpagemode=Fullscreen,pdfstartview=FitBH]{hyperref}
\parindent=0pt
\parskip=5pt
\addtolength{\oddsidemargin}{-.5in}
\addtolength{\evensidemargin}{-.5in}
\addtolength{\textwidth}{1in}
\theoremstyle{definition}
\newtheorem{definition}{Definition}
\newtheorem*{morphisms}{Morphisms}
\newtheorem*{basic_results}{Basic Results}
\newtheorem*{examples}{Examples}
\newtheorem{example}{}
\newtheorem*{properties}{Properties}
\newtheorem*{finite_members}{Finite Members}
\newtheorem*{subclasses}{Subclasses}
\newtheorem*{superclasses}{Superclasses}
\newcommand{\abbreviation}[1]{\textbf{Abbreviation: #1}}
\pagestyle{myheadings}\thispagestyle{myheadings}
\markboth{\today}{math.chapman.edu/structures}

\begin{document}
\textbf{\Large Semirings with zero}
\quad\href{http://math.chapman.edu/cgi-bin/structures?action=edit;id=Semirings_with_zero}{edit}

\abbreviation{SRng$_0$}

\begin{definition}
A \emph{semiring with zero} is a structure $\mathbf{S}=\langle S,+,0,\cdot \rangle$ of type $\left\langle 2,0,2\right\rangle$ such that

$\langle S,+,0\rangle$ is a \href{Commutative_monoids.pdf}{commutative monoids}

$\langle S,\cdot\rangle$ is a \href{Semigroups.pdf}{semigroups}

$0$ is a zero for $\cdot$:  $0\cdot x=0$, $x\cdot 0=0$

$\cdot$ distributes over $+$:  $x\cdot(y+z)=x\cdot y+x\cdot z$, $(y+z)\cdot x=y\cdot x+z\cdot x$
\end{definition}

\begin{morphisms}
Let $\mathbf{S}$ and $\mathbf{T}$ be semirings with zero. A morphism from $\mathbf{S}$
to $\mathbf{T}$ is a function $h:S\rightarrow T$ that is a homomorphism:

$h(x+y)=h(x)+h(y)$, $h(x\cdot y)=h(x)\cdot h(y)$, $h(0)=0$
\end{morphisms}

\begin{basic_results}
\end{basic_results}
\begin{examples}
\begin{example}
\end{example}
\end{examples}
\begin{table}[h]
\begin{properties} (\href{http://math.chapman.edu/cgi-bin/structures?Properties}{description})

\begin{tabular}{|ll|}\hline
Classtype & variety\\\hline
Equational theory & decidable\\\hline
Quasiequational theory & \\\hline
First-order theory & undecidable\\\hline
Locally finite & no\\\hline
Residual size & unbounded\\\hline
Congruence distributive & no\\\hline
Congruence modular & no\\\hline
Congruence n-permutable & \\\hline
Congruence regular & \\\hline
Congruence uniform & \\\hline
Congruence extension property & \\\hline
Definable principal congruences & \\\hline
Equationally def. pr. cong. & \\\hline
Amalgamation property & \\\hline
Strong amalgamation property & \\\hline
Epimorphisms are surjective & \\\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{properties}
\end{table}
\begin{finite_members} $f(n)=$ number of members of size $n$.

$\begin{array}{lr} f(1)= &1\\ f(2)= &1\\ f(3)= &\\ f(4)= &\\ f(5)= &\\ f(6)= &\\ \end{array}$
\end{finite_members}
\hyperbaseurl{http://math.chapman.edu/structures/files/}
\parskip0pt
\begin{subclasses}\

\href{Idempotent_semirings_with_zero.pdf}{Idempotent semirings with zero}

\end{subclasses}
\begin{superclasses}\

\href{Semirings.pdf}{Semirings}

\end{superclasses}

\begin{thebibliography}{10}

\bibitem{Ln19xx}

\end{thebibliography}

\end{document}
%

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Last edited July 10, 2004 11:04 am by Jipsen (diff)
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